Recebi do leitor Ferdinand um comentário sobre distinguir entender e conhecer e no comentário ele dava o exemplo de alguém que aprende a dirigir, mas não entende de mecânica de automóveis.
O comentário dele me fez lembrar um trecho do Tsoukas, que ilustra bem a idéia de como alcançamos a competência ( no sentido de habilidade) incorporando o conhecimento necessário. O trecho é o que se segue:
The more general point to be derived from the preceding examples is formulated by Polanyi (1962:61) as follows: “we may say […] that by the effort by which I concentrate on my chosen plane of operation I succeed in absorbing all the elements of the situation of which I might otherwise be aware in themselves, so that I become aware of them now in terms of the operational results achieved through their use”. This is important because we get things done, we achieve competence, by becoming unaware of how we do so. Of course one can take an interest in, and learn a great deal about, the gearbox and the acceleration mechanism but, to be able to drive, such knowledge needs to lapse into unconsciousness.
“This lapse into unconsciousness”, remarks Polanyi (1962:62), “is accompanied by a newly acquired consciousness of the experiences in question, on the operational plane. It is misleading, therefore, to describe this as the mere result of repetition; it is a structural change achieved by a repeated mental effort aiming at the instrumentalization of certain things and actions in the service of some purpose”.*
* TSOUKAS H. Do we really understand tacit knowledge?, In Mark Easterby-Smith, Marjorie A. Lyles - (Eds.), The Blackwell handbook of organizational learning and knowledge management: 410-427, Blackwell Publishers, 2005.